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Abstract

  • The Ramesseum is a large temple constructed by Ramesses II to make sure his reminiscence was preserved and his cult continued after his demise.
  • Ramesses II was one of many biggest pharaohs of Historic Egypt, ruling throughout its peak of wealth and energy.
  • The temple is now in ruins, however nonetheless spectacular, with iconic decorations together with scenes from Ramesses II’s navy victories and the oldest recorded battle in historical past.

The traditional pharaohs of the New Kingdom of Egypt not solely constructed themselves giant tombs for the afterlife, but additionally giant mortuary or memorial temples. These temples have been constructed subsequent to or near the royal tombs of Historic Egypt. One of many largest of those historical temples at Luxor (the traditional capital of Thebes) is the Ramesseum, constructed by and for Ramesses II.

The Ramesseum is situated within the sprawling Theban Necropolis across the Nile from Luxor. Theban Necropolis is residence to the Valley of the Kings, the Valley of the Queens, and plenty of temples and different necropoli making it one of many prime locations in Egypt. Here is what to learn about seeing the temple of Ramesses II.

Ramesses II: The Nice Pharaoh Who Wished To Be Remembered


Mortuary Temple ruins at Luxor, Egypt
Picture by AXP Photography on Pexels

Mortuary Temple ruins at Luxor, Egypt

Like different mortuary temples, the Ramesseum was constructed to commemorate the pharaoh and in order that the cult of the pharaoh may proceed after his demise. It was essential for these kings to be remembered lengthy after their deaths.

  • Lived: Circa 1303 BC – 1213 BC

The Ramaesseum was constructed by Ramesses II (additionally known as Ramesses the Nice). Ramesses II is counted among the many biggest kings to ever have dominated Historic Egypt, and he dominated it throughout its top of wealth and energy.

He loved an unusually lengthy reign (round 67 years) and he constructed most of the most well-known Historic Egyptian monuments nonetheless standing at this time (such because the Abu Simbel Temples with his four colossal statues). His mummy remains to be preserved at this time, and it may be seen in museums in Cairo.

The Huge Measurement And Grandeur Of The Ramesseum


Ruins of the Ramesseum temple in Luxor
Picture by AXP Photography on Pexels

Ruins of the Ramesseum temple in Luxor

Like different constructing tasks by Ramesses II, the Ramesseum temple was huge. It took round 20 years to construct and have become one of many largest and most grandiose of the traditional Egyptian temples ever constructed.

However that is not all; the Tomb of Ramesses II was also one of the largest tombs constructed within the Valley of the Kings.

  • Devoted: To The god Amun
  • Constructed: Circa 1275 BC

The temple has two of the most important still-surviving colossal statues ever made that have been transported into place. They have been as soon as round 62 ft or 19 meters excessive and depicted the enthroned pharaoh (solely the bottom and torso stay).

The temple is now in ruins, besides, the ruins are spectacular. Thirty-nine out of forty-eight columns that made up the good hypostyle corridor nonetheless stand at this time. It appears that evidently Ramesses constructed over an older Center Kingdom website and a shaft tomb with a hoard of artifacts was discovered beneath the temple.

The temple advanced contains one other smaller temple devoted to Ramesses II’s mom, Tuya, and Nefertari, the primary of Ramesses’s Nice Royal Wives. There’s additionally a temple palace and across the advanced are granaries, workshops, storerooms, and extra.

Associated: 10 Tips For Visiting The Valley Of The King In Luxor, Egypt

Decorations Of The Ramesseum & The Oldest Recorded Battle

The Ramesseum is famously embellished with scenes from Ramesses II’s navy victories (victories actual, claimed, or in any other case propaganda). One of many foremost battles depicted is the Battle of Kadesh circa 1274 BC. The Battle of Kadesh was fought between the Egyptians led by Ramesses II and the highly effective Hittite Empire led by Muwatalli II.


Temple of the Ramesseum, Interior of the Hypostyle Hall 1870s Henri
Picture by The Cleveland Museum of Art on Unsplash

 Temple of the Ramesseum, Inside of the Hypostyle Corridor 1870s Henri

This battle is exceptional as it’s the earliest pitched battle in recorded historical past for which the techniques and formations have been recorded. Some even contemplate it the most important chariot battle ever fought (maybe 5,000 to six,000 chariots in complete).

Whereas Ramesses II’s boastful inscriptions communicate of an ideal victory and him smiting his enemies with the crushed Hittite armies fleeing, the battle truly appears to have been a stalemate of some kind.

A while after the battle Ramesses concluded the primary recorded peace treaty in historical past. Guests to Turkey can discover Hattusa, the once mighty capital of the Hittite Empire.

Different depictions of Ramesses present him earlier than numerous gods (essentially the most exceptional is Ramesses with Osiris, the god of the underworld). A part of the ceiling was embellished with gold stars in a blue setting.

Associated: Luxor Temple: How To Visit This Ancient Site On The Nile

What To Know About Visiting The Ramesseum At the moment

The Ramesseum is a necessary a part of visiting the various historical Egyptian sights at Luxor. A large fallen statue on the entrance to the temple units the tone for the previous greatness of the temple. Guests can wander across the temple’s in depth ruins and get a glimpse of its authentic colours.

  • Opening Hours: 6:00 a.m. to five:00 p.m. day by day
  • Time Wanted: 1-2 Hours

Close up of statue of Ramses ii setting on his throne at Luxor temple
Picture by M abnodey on Unsplash

Shut up of statue of Ramses ii setting on his throne at Luxor temple

The entry tickets are usually not offered on the temple however on the ticket workplace close to the Colossi of Memnon. Plan to go to Luxor both within the cooler months of the 12 months or early within the morning earlier than the warmth of the day (Luxor will be stiflingly sizzling in the summertime months).

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