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Abstract

  • The Tomb of Agamemnon in Mycenae, Greece, shouldn’t be truly the tomb of Agamemnon or Atreus, however its measurement suggests it was constructed for an historical ruler.
  • The tomb, relationship again over 3,000 years, is the biggest and most elaborate tomb of its sort from the Aegean Bronze Age.
  • Regardless of being a well-preserved instance of Bronze Age Greek structure, the tomb remains to be considerably in ruins, with its facade as soon as adorned with marble columns and sculptures.

The Tomb of Agamemnon or Treasury of Atreus is a big Bronze Age tomb in Mycenae, Greece. Whereas it’s recognized by two names, each of them are misnomers. It’s the largest and most spectacular historical tomb in Mycenae Greece and (together with the adjoining Mycenae Acropolis archeological website) is among the prime points of interest of early Greece earlier than the Basic Interval.

The Tomb of Agamemnon is over 3,000 years outdated and dates from across the time of the Trojan Conflict. Historical tombs are among the finest monuments to have survived at this time. Preserved historical funerary monuments vary from the famous Great Pyramid of Egypt to the Belas Knap, a restored Stone Age long barrow in England.

Who Was The Tomb Of Agamemnon Constructed For?


Inside the Treasury of Atreus or Tholos tomb of Agamemnon
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Contained in the Treasury of Atreus or Tholos tomb of Agamemnon

The Tomb of Agamemnon or Treasury of Atreus shouldn’t be truly the tomb of the well-known Iliad and the Siege of Troy. Neither is it a treasury (it’s a tomb) neither is it the tomb of Atreus.

That being stated, its measurement and grandeur would lend to suggesting an historical ruler was buried there. The reference to the legendary kings of Agamemnon and Atreus dates from the 18th century when skilled archeology was nonetheless in its infancy (though vacationers can see the ruins of ancient Troy in Turkey today, the consensus is the siege did occur).

It must also be famous that whereas most researchers agree it was a tomb, no archeological proof has been discovered to help that perception.

The Iliad heroes, Agamemnon and Menelaus, have been the dual sons of Atreus. The 2003 film Troy starring Brad Pitt is simply loosely based mostly on the traditional legend of Troy. In accordance with the legend, Agamemnon was killed by his spouse, Clytemnestra, after getting back from the Trojan Conflict.

The Tomb of Agamemnon was constructed between 1300 and 1250 BC and is the biggest and most elaborate tomb of its sort relationship from the Aegean Bronze Age. It’s situated within the historical metropolis of Mycenae. It’s believed that the traditional Greek metropolis peaked in round 1350 BC and had a peak inhabitants of round 30,000.


Tourists at Treasury of Atreus or Tomb of Agamemnon
 Jekatarinka / Shutterstock

Vacationers on the Treasury of Atreus or Tomb of Agamemnon 

By the point of the Basic Greek interval (fifth to 4th centuries BC), the Tomb of Agamemnon was already historical.

Associated: Temple of Hephaestus: The Best Preserved Ancient Greek Temple (& It’s Not In The Acropolis)

Why The Tomb Of Agamemnon Is A Marvel Of Bronze Age Greek Structure

The tomb is a ‘tholos‘ or beehive tomb and is by far the very best preserved of the beehive tombs in Mycenae.

The principle tomb has a round burial chamber (referred to as a thalamos) that’s topped with a corbelled dome. The dome is outstanding, it’s the largest recognized of the traditional world for nicely over a thousand years till the Roman interval. It’s nonetheless the world’s greatest corbelled dome.

Whereas the tomb is well-preserved, it’s nonetheless one thing of a smash. The facade was as soon as adorned with marble columns and sculptures. The doorway is spectacular; the facade is a few 10.5 meters or 35 toes excessive with the doorway itself rising 5.4 meters or 18 toes.

  • Facade Peak: 10.5 meters or 35 toes

The ancient city of Mycenae, Peloponnese, Greece
Shutterstock

The traditional metropolis of Mycenae, Peloponnese, Greece

  • Weight: 120 Tonnes (lintel block)

The 2 lintel blocks above the doorway are monumental. The innermost lintel block is 8 meters (26 toes) lengthy, 5 meters (16 toes) broad, and a few 1.2 meters (4 toes) thick. It’s the heaviest piece of masonry recognized from Greek structure. It weighs a staggering 120 tonnes and will have required as many as 1,000 individuals to elevate it into place.

Evaluate this huge tomb to Bin Tepe in Turkey and its over 100 massive burial mounds that nobody bothers to go to.

Associated: Why Tiny Delos Island Is One Of The Most Important Sacred, Archeological, & Mythical Sites Of Ancient Greece

What To Know About Visiting The Tomb Of Agamemnon

Seeing the Tomb of Agamemnon is a should for anybody all for historical Greek historical past. After visiting the Tomb of Agamemnon, pop into the spectacular National Archeological Museum in Athens and see artifacts recovered from the traditional website.

  • Admission Payment For Mycenae: 12 Euros ($13) for Grownup Admission

Opening Hours

  • Winter: 8:30 am to three:30 pm
  • Summer time: 8:00 am to eight:00 pm

Panoramic view of the ruins of Mycenae in Greece
Picture by ijm2000 from Pixabay

Panoramic view of the ruins of Mycenae in Greece

The Tomb of Agamemnon is situated solely 400 meters (yards) southwest of the Acropolis of Mycenae. Visiting the tomb ought to be a part of visiting the broader Mycenae archeological website.

Mycenae was one of many main facilities of Greek civilization earlier than the Greek Darkish Ages and the Basic Greek interval. The interval of Greek historical past from circa 1600 BC to 1100 BC is known as the Mycenaean interval after this metropolis of Mycenae.

Mycenae is situated on the Peloponnese Peninsula and will be visited from Athens (proceed the journey and visit the ruins of Sparta nearby while there).

For extra details about visiting the Tomb of Agamemnon and the Mycenae archeological website, confer with the official Odysseus website.

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